Department Details
Branch: Engineerings
Department: Civil Engineering Department
Location: Adminstrative Building

Publication Details
Staff Member Name1- Prof. dr. Ahmed Mahmoud Azmy
Publication Name Water Projects and New Methodology for Managing Non-Conventional Water Sources in Egypt
Publication DescriptionEgypt is characterized by its strategic location in the center of the inhabited globe. Unfortunately, this location lies within the desert and dry belt of North Africa. The water resources at this area are very limited. Over 95% of the Egypt's fresh water resources are imported. The annual Nile water share of 55.5 BCM is the only reliable renewable source of fresh water.
The ambitious plan of the Government of Egypt (GOE) for reclaiming 3-4 Million feddans as an additional cultivated area up to the year 2017 put a new pressure on the existing limited fresh water resources.
According to the limited water availability, there is a real need to search for another water sources. These sources can be found within the non-conventional water sources in Egypt.
Currently about 5.5 BCM of drainage water are being reused after mixing with fresh water. This amount is expected to increase to 9.6 BCM by the year 2017. A major concern when considering drainage water reuse is whether the drainage water quality is within the allowable limits for different uses as outlined by the water quality standards and lows. Wastewater treatment in the Egyptian rural areas lags far behind potable water supply.
This practice has contributed to widespread degradation of drainage water quality and, so, the reuse of drainage water plans in Egypt. Among the nature treatment systems, in-stream wetland has a high potential for application in rural areas of Egypt where the treatment process takes place within the drain, so it needs much less land, easily maintained, can absorb shock loads and relatively needs less capital and operational cost. The objective of this research is to present the site selection criteria, in-stream wetland system limitations, the baseline phase results, intensive water quality monitoring program, and the design criteria.
Another project in Egypt for reuse drainage water is El salam Canal project where official reuse projects managed by the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation (MWRI) and lies in the Eastern Nile Delta ,that agricultural expansion projects are taking place .Water quality of Bahr Hadus have a special importance as its water will be diverted to El Salam Canal that will irrigate about 620000 Fadden of newly reclaimed land with blended drainage water. Accordingly, it is very crucial to monitor the water quality parameters that affect the different water use sectors. Also, treatment of such water needs the spatial and temporal variability's of such parameters. This research will also focus on assessing and evaluating the water quality parameters in Bahr Hadus drainage system.